To respond to emerging threats to USA and its allies' security, the NPR specifically proposed the development for new models of "low-yield" weapons, which it said would be essential for a "flexible" nuclear arsenal that can enhance deterrence.
Iran accused the USA of threatening Russian Federation with new atomic weapons, after the Trump administration published a document outlining plans to expand its nuclear capabilities in order to deter others.
Another top Iranian leader, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, had also reportedly raised concern that such an approach by the US would increase the risk of "bringing humankind closer to annihilation".
The 2018 edition of the Nuclear Posture Review "reflects greater reliance on nukes" violating worldwide agreements on non-proliferation, he went on, noting that "no wonder the Doomsday Clock is at its most risky since 1953." .
The Foreign Ministry said Russian Federation is well within the treaty's limitations of 1,550 strategy nuclear warheads and 700 deployed launchers.
Gabriel called for "existing arms control treaties to be upheld unconditionally".
On Sunday, the Chinese foreign ministry said that the U.S. should focus instead on promoting regional stability, and condemned a United States government report that listed Beijing as a potential nuclear enemy.
In a statement, the ministry expressed hope that the United States would "abandon a Cold War mentality" and "shoulder its special and prior responsibility for its own nuclear disarmament".
Historically a close USA ally and key North Atlantic Treaty Organisation member, nuclear weapons were a divisive issue in Germany's cold war politics. Indeed, most experts on Russian nuclear weapons such a Nikolai Sokov-a former Soviet and Russian arms control negotiator-believe that Russia is reducing its dependence on non-strategic nuclear arms. Martin Schulz, who challenged Angela Merkel last September, called for remaining American bombs to be removed from Germany.
Iran says President Donald Trump's hostility to the 2015 nuclear deal is dampening foreign investment in the energy sector despite the lifting of sanctions.
The ultimatum put pressure on European Union powers - key backers and parties to the 2015 global agreement to curb Iranian nuclear ambition.